U.S. legal permanent residents who apply for citizenship through naturalization on or after Dec. 1, 2020, will face a more challenging test — in which immigrants must prove they can read, write and speak basic English, and have essential knowledge of U.S. history and government.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced Friday the implementation of a revised version of the citizenship civics test for naturalization applicants with a filing date (also known as a receipt date) of Dec. 1, 2020, and beyond.

The test will evaluate an immigrant’s knowledge of American history, government and civic values, said the immigration agency, which a year ago announced the creation of a working group to review and update the test questions. …

Millions of working Americans don’t know where their next meal is coming from. We sent three photographers to explore hunger in three very different parts of the United States, each giving different faces to the same statistic: One-sixth of Americans don’t have enough food to eat.

Osage, Iowa

In Washington, D.C., the city’s nonprofits that care for the hungry are bracing for a critical juncture this holiday season.

Mike Curtin, the CEO of DC Central Kitchen, which provides meals to homeless shelters, senior centers and other groups, told ABC News his team will provide 12,000 meals this Thanksgiving, a 5,000-meal increase over last year.

This rise in demand is being exacerbated by logistical changes brought on by the coronavirus, according to Curtin.

Coronavirus restrictions mean that nonprofits won’t be able to provide buffet-style service this year, so meals are being prepared in individual packets. …

Pregnancy was rocky for Cheryl and Sean Martin from their first, in 1996. Cheryl, 27, couldn’t keep food down. She was transported to the hospital on several occasions for vaginal bleeding. When she told her doctor she was worried, Cheryl said, he seemed to dismiss her concerns: “Nothing was really ever done until I went to the hospital and complained,” Cheryl recalls. “Then I was sent home-and the next thing you know I’m actually en route to the [hospital] and she was born early.”

The Cleveland couple’s daughter, Cydnee Janae Martin was born six weeks premature on May 29, 1997, and weighed just four pounds six ounces. She remained in neo-natal intensive care for about three weeks before being released. “When she first came home she actually turned blue on us,” Cheryl says. “We patted her back and she was okay, but we learned shortly thereafter that she had asthma.” …

Some public policy issues are “lock them in a room” issues. Despite all the political posturing and raucous rhetoric, if you put a few Republicans and a few Democrats in a room and locked the door, they could probably hammer out a decent compromise before too long.

Immigration is not one of those issues. Not any more.

Since the failure of a bipartisan “Gang of Eight” immigration compromise in 2013, Congress has become more partisan. …

Two new studies show the effect of the emergency $2 trillion package known as the Cares Act and what happened when the money ran out.

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Richard Musa and his wife, Kristin Jeffcoat, with their children this week at their home in Camptonville, Calif. When schools closed in the spring, Ms. Jeffcoat, an Instacart shopper, stayed home to watch their children, and then her husband got laid off from landscaping work. Credit… Max Whittaker for The New York Times

Moderated by Emily Bazelon

School in the United States is nowhere near normal this fall. Most students are not walking through schoolhouse doors, sitting at desks next to their classmates or meeting their new teachers face to face. They’re at home, trying to learn through screens. ( This is even more likely to be the case if the students live in cities or suburbs.) If they’re lucky, they have a laptop or a tablet and a fast internet connection — the bare minimum that remote education requires. If not, they may be cut off from school through no fault of their own or of their families.

ROME (AP) — The United Nations says the ranks of the world’s hungry grew by 10 million last year and warns that the coronavirus pandemic could push as many as 130 million more people into chronic hunger this year.

The grim assessment was contained in the latest edition of the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, an annual report released Monday by the five U.N. agencies that produced it.

Preliminary projections based on available global economic outlooks suggest the pandemic “may add an additional 83 (million) to 132 million people to the ranks of the undernourished in 2020,” the report said. …


Patrick James Trico

Patrick James is the owner and Chief Executive of First Brands Group (Formally known as Trico Group), a Cleveland-based automotive parts company

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